Japanese plane shot down in Pacific testifying to the accuracy of Navy anti-aircraft fire. Streaming smoke and flame in its wake, the Japanese plane is snapped as it plummets into the Pacific. In the foreground of the picture are wire installations of the carrier. 24 July 1944.
Southern Airways Flight 242 - New Hope, GA - 4/4/1977 - 63 fatalities + 9 on ground, 22 survivors.
Just read an article in the Anniston Star about the crash from Eddie Burkhalter, whose yard the plane broke apart in after the crash. His father Emory took the above pictures; the lower is from the NTSB. Previous FYW post here.
A Short History of Shootdowns
7/23/1954: A Cathay Pacific Airways commercial flight on a C-54 is shot down by PRC fighters and ditches near Hainan Island. 10 fatalities, 9 survivors. Air-to-Air / (Alleged) mistaken identity.
7/27/1955: El Al Flight 402 is shot down by Bulgarian fighters near Petrich, Bulgaria. All 58 on the Constellation are killed. Air-to-Air / Navigational error / Mistaken identity.
2/21/1073: Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 becomes lost over the Sinai Peninsula and is directed to land by Israeli fighter jets. When the pilots of the 727 refuse, the plane is shot down. 108 die in the crash, 5 survive. Air-to-Air / Navigational error.
4/20/1978: Korean Air Lines Flight 902 veers far off course into Soviet airspace and is attacked, killing 2 on board. The 707 is forced to land on a frozen lake; the remaining 107 passengers and crew are rescued and repatriated. [pictured; see previous FYW post] Air-to-Air / Navigational error / Mistaken identity.
9/3/1978: Air Rhodesia Flight 825 is fired upon by ZIPRA insurgents and crashes, killing 38. The insurgents kill 10 more upon finding the Vickers Viscount crash site, but 8 escape. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
2/12/1979: ZIPRA insurgents also fire upon Air Rhodesia Flight 827; this Vickers Viscount crashes and kills all 59 on board. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
9/1/1983: Korean Air Lines Flight 007, following an incorrect flight path, strays over Soviet airspace and is fired upon by an interceptor jet. The 747 stays airborne for some time, but is too damaged and eventually crashes west of Sakhalin Island, killing all 269 passengers and crew. The possibility of the aircraft being civilian was discussed by the Russians but certain actions taken by the plane were interpreted as evasive, and a number of circumstances led to the fire order. Air-to-Air / Navigational error / Mistaken identity.
2/24/1985: Polar 3, a German Dornier Do 228 returning from the Antarctic on a scientific mission, is shot down by Polisario guerrillas in Western Sahara. The attackers claimed to believe it was a Moroccan spy plane. 3 fatalities. Surface-to-Air / Mistaken identity.
9/4/1985: A Bakhtar Afghan Airlines flight is brought down by a missile near Khandahar. All 52 people on the Antonov An-26 are killed in the crash. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
8/16/1986: SPLA militants fire on a Sudan Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship during the Second Sudanese Civil War. The plane crashes near Malakal killing all 60 passengers and crew. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
7/3/1988: The USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 in the Strait of Hormuz, erroneously believing it to be a military target. All 290 people on the A300 are killed; this remains the highest death toll involving an Airbus. Surface-to-Air / Mistaken identity.
9/21/1993-9/23/1993: Transair Georgia loses 3 planes at Sukhumi airport to Georgian rebels. On 9/21, a Tu-134 is hit by a missile and crashes into the Black Sea, with 27 deaths and no survivors; on 9/22 a Tu-154 is shot down while landing, killing 108 out of 132 on board; on 9/23 another Tu-134 is hit during boarding and catches fire, killing 1 crew member. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
10/10/1998: A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises 727 crashes near Kindu after being hit by a missile fired by Congolese rebels. All 41 aboard are killed. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
11/22/2003: A DHL Express flight out of Baghdad is hit in the left wing by a shoulder-mounted missile fired by Feyadeen forces. Although the A300 suffered structural damage and lost all hydraulic controls, the pilots used differential engine thrust to land the airplane and all 3 men survived. Surface-to-Air / Intentional attack.
7/17/2014: Malaysian Airlines Flight 17, a 777, is allegedly hit by a missile over Donetsk Oblast and crashes, killing all 298 on board. The origin of the missile is under investigation; the area is contested by Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists.
There is a Wikipedia list of these and more.
[note: this is longer than most FYW posts; do you guys prefer I cut these?]
MH17 - Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine - 7/17/2014 - 295 fatalities (all).
The B777 was flying from AMS to KUL.
FYW note: AV Herald is a great place to check for updates, as they blur casualty photos. (There are quite a few of those circulating the internet at the moment, I would advise those of you who are interested in crashes from a mechanical viewpoint like me to be careful where you click. FYW does not post casualty photos)